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They Sailed to Rome in 775, Went to Calalus, an Unknown Land, and Theodore Was King over the Peoples



From the forthcoming publication Merchant Adventurer Kings of Rhoda, we present a chronology of world events as they relate to the Tucson Artifacts.

According to a lozenge-shaped “callout” in the nehushtan in the form of a Celtic cross with a rattlesnake that constitutes Artifact 18, considered the finest of the productions in a cast lead series of unusual artifacts excavated in Tucson in the 1920s, the colonists sailed to Rome in 775, whence they proceeded to Calalus, in Terra Incognita, when Theodore ruled over the peoples. We identify the colonists with Romani expeditionary forces of Brittany and Frankish Gaul, led by Jews like the Breton Oliver, who signed the inscribed crosses that record the annals of a Carolingian colony in Toltec Mexico, now Arizona. The colony lasted from 890 to 900, when it was extinguished by a cataclysm known to archeologists as the Great Flood of 899. At the same time, the Carolingians faded from history and the Tang Dynasty ended, disrupting long-distance trade in the East.

We identify Theodore with the historical figure Machir, exilarch and nasi, and founder of the Jewish princedom documented by Zuckerman (1972). The dates 765-900 of this exotic and unique episode in Western civilization match well those of the Tucson Artifacts.
Extraordinary events were taking place in the year 775. Baghdad was the capital of the world, which formed, for the first time in history, an international ecumene, a unified trading zone. At this exact moment, a group of Gallo-Roman traders and Frankish expeditionary forces including Jews from Brittany, Wales, and Gaul called Rhadanites set sail from Rome’s port on the Tiber to voyage to Egypt, Palestine, and Persia, seeking the fabled riches of Terra Incognita beyond India and China. Jews everywhere looked for the appearance of the Messiah: It was seven hundred years after the fall of Jerusalem and destruction of the Jewish state under the Romans. Now the Holy Land was a protectorate under Charlemagne, the son of Pepin. Commerce was booming. Knowledge and science were about to enter upon a renaissance. The Papal States sprang into existence, to last another thousand years.

So here is the central portion of a larger chronology intended to help people understand and place the Tucson Artifacts within world developments, including Breton and Frankish history, seafaring and commerce, the rise of Islam and the golden age of Judaism after the year 800.

Read the full article Chronology of Calalus, Correlated with World Events.


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